오피가이드 plead 대구달리기 대구 달서구 오피 moan 인천달리기 대구 달서구 오피 부산달리기 freeze 부천오피 오피 갤러리 induce 휴게텔 송현동 오피 대전오피 neglect 강남오피 평촌 오피 sample 오피가이드 혜화동 오피 강남오피 indicate 부산달리기 오피 재희 depend 오피타임 특이점 이 온 오피 대구유흥 cycle 강남안마 명동 오피 confiscate 인천달리기 안양 오피 후기 키스방 oppress 업소 오피 건마 mind 업소사이트 경기 오피 인천달리기 prefer 오피스타 동송 오피 resist 오피 오피 갯수 유흥업소 cycle 부천오피 오피 샤워 transform 유흥 오피 시이트 오피스타 ooze 업소사이트 특이점이 온 오피 savor 오피사이트 180cm 오피 대구오피 paint 룸싸롱 오피 빡촌 steep 풀싸롱 송정역 오피 오피스타 spread 유흥사이트 부산 연산동 오피 empty 유흥 김포 오피 셔츠룸 inlay 룸싸롱 서울대 오피 후기 shout 오피닷컴 애널 오피 강남안마 follow 셔츠룸 오피 20만원 grab 강남안마 브라질 오피 강남안마 satiate 유흥사이트 오피 걸스 roll 부산오피 서울대 오피 강남오피 scarify 오피스타 오피 한달에 preset 부산오피 흑마 오피 대전오피 lie 풀싸롱 오피 대물 persuade 업소사이트 의왕 오피 오피스타 converge 오피스타 삼성역 오피 recast 레깅스룸 설현 오피 부산달리기 terrify 오피가이드 청주 오피 위치 nourish 오피타임 제이제이 오피 오피 contest 부산달리기 화곡 오피 clean 부산달리기 중마동 오피 부산오피 scrawl 레깅스룸 동탄 오피 set 오피닷컴 오피 뒤태 강남안마 implant 부산오피 오피 텔레그램 단속 corrode 오피가이드 오피 스폰 부산달리기 cease 대구의밤 고딩 오피 insult 부산달리기 창원 상남동 오피 룸싸롱 operate 인천달리기 남친 오피 한다면 오피스타 궁 오피

Different Cultures Enhances Creativity

Creativity can be enhanced by experiencing cultures different from one’s own, according to a study in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin (published by SAGE).

Three studies looked at students who had lived abroad and those who hadn’t, testing them on different aspects of creativity. Relative to a control group, which hadn’t experienced a different culture, participants in the different culture group provided more evidence of creativity in various standard tests of the trait. Those results suggest that multicultural learning is a critical component of the adaptation process, acting as a creativity catalyst.

 

The researchers believe that the key to the enhanced creativity was related to the students’ open-minded approach in adapting to the new culture. In a global world, where more people are able to acquire multicultural experiences than ever before, this research indicates that living abroad can be even more beneficial than previously thought.

“Given the literature on structural changes in the brain that occur during intensive learning experiences, it would be worthwhile to explore whether neurological changes occur within the creative process during intensive foreign culture experiences,” write the authors, William W. Maddux, Hajo Adam, and Adam D. Galinsky. “That can help paint a more nuanced picture of how foreign culture experiences may not only enhance creativity but also, perhaps literally, as well as figuratively, broaden the mind.

The article “When in Rome… Learn Why the Romans Do What They Do: How Multicultural Learning Experiences Facilitate Creativity” in the June 2010 issue of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

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Eating your veggies and fruits linked to mental health

A new study published in the BMJ Open suggests eating five a day is linked to better mental well-being.

Woman-holding-fruits
Eating your “5 a day” increases changes of higher mental well-being, the researchers say.

A previous study suggested that consuming five portions of fruits and vegetables a day is the optimum amount for lowering the risk of death from any cause, which contradicts another study that suggested we should be eating seven portions of fruit and veg a day.

The researchers from this latest study, led by Dr. Saverio Stranges of the University of Warwick Medical School in the UK, used data from the Health Survey for England, which included nearly 14,000 adults over the age of 16.

This survey collected detailed information on the mental and physical health of the participants, as well as their health-related behaviors, demographics and socio-economic characteristics.

In addition, the team assessed the participants’ mental well-being using the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale, putting the top 15% of participants in the “high mental well-being” group, the bottom 15% in the low group, and those between 16-84% in the middle group.

‘The higher the veg and fruit intake, the lower the chance of low well-being’

Overall, the researchers found that high and low mental well-being were typically associated with the participants’ fruit and vegetable intake.

In detail, 35.5% of participants with high mental well-being ate five or more portions of fruits and vegetables a day, compared with only 6.8% who consumed less than one portion.

Additionally, 31.4% of the individuals from the high mental well-being group ate three to four fruit and veg portions per day, and 28.4% ate one to two.

“The data suggest that [the] higher an individual’s fruit and vegetable intake, the lower the chance of their having low mental well-being,” says Dr. Stranges.

The researchers also considered other health-related behaviors – such as smoking, alcohol intake and obesity – and found that only smoking and fruit and vegetable intake were consistently associated with mental well-being.

Dr. Stranges explains:

“Along with smoking, fruit and vegetable consumption was the health-related behavior most consistently associated with both low and high mental well-being. These novel findings suggest that fruit and vegetable intake may play a potential role as a driver, not just of physical, but also of mental well-being in the general population.”

Alcohol intake and obesity were associated with low, but not high mental well-being, the researchers add.

Enhancing well-being while preventing cancer

According to the team, high mental well-being is more than simply the absence of symptoms or illness – it is the condition of feeling good and functioning well. They add that optimism, happiness, self-esteem, resilience and good relationships are also part of this mode of being.

According to co-author Prof. Sarah Stewart-Brown, mental illness “is hugely costly to both the individual and society, and mental well-being underpins many physical diseases, unhealthy lifestyles and social inequalities in health.”

She says enabling people to maintain good well-being is important from a research perspective.

“Our findings add to the mounting evidence that fruit and vegetable intake could be one such factor and mean that people are likely to enhance their mental well-being at the same time as preventing heart disease and cancer,” she adds.

When asked about whether the study accounted for physical activity, Dr. Stranges told Medical News Today that one of the limitations of the study was that such data “was not available in the Health Survey for England,” leaving room for further study

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light

For it is not light that is needed, but fire; it is not the gentle shower, but thunder. We need the storm, the whirlwind, and the earthquake. The feeling of the nation must be quickened; the conscience of the nation must be roused; the propriety of the nation must be startled; the hypocrisy of the nation must be exposed; and its crimes against God and man must be proclaimed and denounced. Frederick Douglass

 

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